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Ο καρκίνος «θερίζει» τους διασώστες των Δίδυμων Πύργων
Δευτέρα, 07.28.2014, 11:44pm

 

 

The Effect of an e-Health Intervention Designed to Reduce Prolonged Occupational Sitting on Mean Arterial Pressure
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a workplace health intervention designed to reduce prolonged occupational sitting on the mean arterial pressure (MAP) of desk-based employees.Methods: This randomized controlled trial involved an experimental group who received an e-health intervention and a control group who did not. The 13-week intervention passively prompted participants to stand and engage in short bouts of office-based physical activity by interrupting prolonged occupational sitting time periodically throughout the workday. Mean arterial pressure was measured at pretest and posttest.Results: Between pretest and posttest the experimental group significantly reduced their MAP, whereas MAP in the control group did not.Conclusions: A workplace e-health intervention designed to reduce prolonged occupational sitting was effective in decreasing MAP in desk-based employees.
The Implementation of Multiple Lifestyle Interventions in Two Organizations: A Process Evaluation
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
Objective: To evaluate the implementation of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention at two different worksites.Methods: Data on eight process components were collected by means of questionnaires and interviews. Data on the effectiveness were collected using questionnaires.Results: The program was implemented partly as planned, and 84.0% (max 25) and 85.7% (max 14) of all planned interventions were delivered at the university and hospital, respectively. Employees showed high reach (96.6%) and overall participation (75.1%) but moderate overall satisfaction rates (6.8 ± 1.1). Significant intervention effects were found for days of fruit consumption (β = 0.44 days/week, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.85) in favor of the intervention group.Conclusions: The study showed successful reach, dose, and maintenance but moderate fidelity and satisfaction. Mainly relatively simple and easily implemented interventions were chosen, which were effective only in improving employees’ days of fruit consumption.
Opioids and Safety-Sensitive Work
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
No abstract available
Opioids and Safety-Sensitive Work
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
No abstract available
Assessing the Risk of Work-Related International Travel
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
Objective: To identify factors affecting the likelihood of requiring medical services during international business trips.Methods: Data from more than 800,000 international trips and medical assistance cases provided to 48 multinational corporations in 2009. Travel destination countries were grouped into four a priori risk-related categories.Results: Travel to “low” medical risk countries in aggregate accounted for more hospitalizations and medical evacuations than travel to “high” medical risk countries. Nevertheless, the risk per trip was much higher for travel to higher medical risk countries.Conclusions: Corporations with employees on international travel should allocate sufficient resources to manage and ideally prevent medical issues during business travel. Travel medicine must focus on more than infectious diseases, and programs are necessary for both high- and low-risk regions. Improved understanding of travel-related needs determines resource allocation and risk mitigation efforts.
The Huge Impact That Employers Can Have on Their Health Care Costs: Navistar's Track Record From 1999 to 2009
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
No abstract available
Making the Workplace a More Effective Site for Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases in Adults
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
Objective: Efforts to realize the potential of disease prevention in the United States have fallen behind those of peer countries, and workplace disease prevention is a major gap. This article investigates the reasons for this gap.Methods: Literature review and expert discussions.Results: Obstacles to effective use of workplace disease prevention include limited leadership and advocacy, poor alignment of financial incentives, limitations in research quality and investment, regulation that does not support evidence-based practice, and a dearth of community–employer partnerships.Conclusions: We make recommendations to address these obstacles, such as the inclusion of health metrics in corporate reporting, making the workplace a central component of the strategy to combat the effect of noncommunicable diseases, and linking prevention directly benefit businesses’ bottom lines.
Wind Turbines and Health: A Critical Review of the Scientific Literature
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
Objective: This review examines the literature related to health effects of wind turbines.Methods: We reviewed literature related to sound measurements near turbines, epidemiological and experimental studies, and factors associated with annoyance.Results: (1) Infrasound sound near wind turbines does not exceed audibility thresholds. (2) Epidemiological studies have shown associations between living near wind turbines and annoyance. (3) Infrasound and low-frequency sound do not present unique health risks. (4) Annoyance seems more strongly related to individual characteristics than noise from turbines.Discussion: Further areas of inquiry include enhanced noise characterization, analysis of predicted noise values contrasted with measured levels postinstallation, longitudinal assessments of health pre- and postinstallation, experimental studies in which subjects are “blinded” to the presence or absence of infrasound, and enhanced measurement techniques to evaluate annoyance.
Continued Spirometry Changes After Cessation of Exposure in Asbestos-Cement Workers
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
No abstract available
Assessing Risk and Improving Travel Vaccine Programs for Business Travelers
Σάβατο, 11.01.2014, 03:00am
No abstract available
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