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Η ΕΛΛΑΔΑ ΣΕ ΥΓΕΙΟΝΟΜΙΚΗ ΚΡΙΣΗ
Τρίτη, 07.21.2015, 06:21pm

Ανοιχτή επιστολή Βέλγων γιατρών προς τον Βέλγο πρωθυπουργό και την υπ. Υγείας



 

 

Τα θαλασσοπούλια «μειώθηκαν κατά 70% από το 1950»
Δευτέρα, 07.13.2015, 01:52am
 Το ποσοστό αντιστοιχεί σε απώλα 230 εκ. πουλιών σε 60 χρόνια - ένδειξη δυσοίωνη για την κατάσταση των ωκεανών

 
http://www.tovima.gr/science/technology-planet/article/?aid=721207
Formaldehyde Exposure and Mortality Risks From Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Other Lymphohematopoietic Malignancies in the US National Cancer Institute Cohort Study of Workers in Formaldehyde Industries
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objectives: To evaluate associations between cumulative and peak formaldehyde exposure and mortality from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and other lymphohematopoietic malignancies.Methods: Cox proportional hazards analyses.Results: Acute myeloid leukemia was unrelated to cumulative exposure. Hodgkin lymphoma relative risk estimates in the highest exposure categories of cumulative and peak exposures were, respectively, 3.76 (Ptrend = 0.05) and 5.13 (Ptrend = 0.003). There were suggestive associations with peak exposure observed for chronic myeloid leukemia, albeit based on very small numbers. No other lymphohematopoietic malignancy was associated with either chronic or peak exposure.Conclusions: Insofar as there is no prior epidemiologic evidence supporting associations between formaldehyde and either Hodgkin leukemia or chronic myeloid leukemia, any causal interpretations of the observed risk patterns are at most tentative. Findings from this re-analysis do not support the hypothesis that formaldehyde is a cause of AML.
Comparison of Acute Health Effects From Exposures to Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Emissions
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objective: To investigate the comparative acute health effects associated with exposures to diesel and 75% biodiesel/25% diesel (B75) blend fuel emissions.Methods: We analyzed multiple health endpoints in 48 healthy adults before and after exposures to diesel and B75 emissions in an underground mine setting—lung function, lung and systemic inflammation, novel biomarkers of exposure, and oxidative stress were assessed.Results: B75 reduced respirable diesel particulate matter by 20%. Lung function declined significantly more after exposure to diesel emissions. Lung inflammatory cells along with sputum and plasma inflammatory mediators increased significantly to similar levels with both exposures. Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative stress, was not significantly changed after either exposure.Conclusions: Use of B75 lowered respirable diesel particulate matter exposure and some associated acute health effects, although lung and systemic inflammation were not reduced compared with diesel use.
Barriers to Mental Health Service Use Among Workers With Depression and Work Productivity
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objective: This article estimates the decrease in workplace productivity losses associated with removal of three types of barriers to mental health service use among workers with depression.Methods: A model of productivity losses based on the results of a population-based survey of Canadian workers was used to estimate the impact of three types of barriers to mental health service use among workers with depression.Results: Removing the service need recognition barrier is associated with a 33% decrease in work productivity losses. There is a 49% decrease when all three barriers are removed.Conclusions: Our results suggest recognizing the need for treatment is only one barrier to service use; attitudinal and structural barriers should also be considered. The greatest decrease in productivity losses is observed with the removal of all three barriers.
The Impact of Domestic Violence in the Workplace: Results From a Pan-Canadian Survey
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objective: When workers experience domestic violence (DV) at home, impacts are felt in the workplace; however, little research is available on this topic.Methods: We conducted an online survey regarding the impacts of DV at work.Results: A total of 8429 people completed the survey. More than a third of respondents reported experiencing DV; among them, more than a third reported that DV affected their ability to get to work, and more than half reported that it continued at or near work. Most reported that DV negatively affected their performance. Almost all respondents, regardless of DV experience, believed that it impacts victims' work lives.Conclusions: This research identifies the scope and impact of DV on workers and workplaces. The data should assist governments, unions, and employers to enact and evaluate proactive practices to address the impact of DV in the workplace.
Absenteeism due to Functional Limitations Caused by Seven Common Chronic Diseases in US Workers
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objective: The study examined the relationship between functional limitation due to chronic diseases and absenteeism among full-time workers. The studied chronic diseases include arthritis/rheumatism, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, and stroke.Methods: We analyzed data from the 2011 to 2013 National Health Interview Survey. Economic impact was determined by workdays lost and lost income.Results: Increase in absenteeism was observed for each studied condition. Employees with multiple conditions also saw increase absenteeism. Employers lose 28.2 million workdays annually ($4.95 billion in lost income) due to functional limitation caused by chronic diseases.Conclusions: The results show a burden on society due to functional limitation caused by studied chronic diseases. Employers should look into implementing intervention/prevention programs, such as the Chronic Disease Self-Management Programs, to help reduce the cost associated with absenteeism.
Estimating Occupational Illness, Injury, and Mortality in Food Production in the United States: A Farm-to-Table Analysis
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objectives: The study provides a novel model and more comprehensive estimates of the burden of occupational morbidity and mortality in food-related industries, using a farm-to-table approach.Methods: The authors analyzed 2008 to 2010 US Bureau of Labor Statistics data for private industries in the different stages of the farm-to-table model (production, processing, distribution and storage, and retail and preparation).Results: The morbidity rate for food system industries was significantly higher than the morbidity rate for nonfood system industries (rate ratio = 1.62; 95% confidence interval = 1.30 to 2.01). Furthermore, the occupational mortality rate for food system industries was significantly higher than the national nonfood occupational mortality rate (rate ratio = 9.51; 95% confidence interval = 2.47 to 36.58).Conclusions: This is the first use of the farm-to-table model to assess occupational morbidity and mortality, and these findings highlighting specific workplace hazards across food system industries.
Recovery Processes During and After Work: Associations With Health, Work Engagement, and Job Performance
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objective: We examined energy management during work, recovery experiences after work and their connections to health, work engagement, and job performance.Methods: An online survey was completed by 1208 Finnish employees. Energy management was assessed through 13 strategies and recovery experiences through four experiences. As outcomes of recovery, we examined self-reported health, work engagement, and job performance.Results: On average, employees applied three energy management strategies. The most beneficial strategies were work-related: shifting focus, goal setting, and helping coworkers. Both energy management and recovery experiences contributed to the outcomes.Conclusions: Employees benefit in terms of energy from shifting their focus to positive aspects of their jobs and demonstrating proactive social behavior at work. Recovery processes during and after work are closely connected to each other, to well-being and performance at work.
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism.Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan.Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism.Conclusions: This study result implied that advantage could be taken of organizational culture and employees' health behaviors to reduce presenteeism in the workplace.
Is Obesity Associated With Adverse Workers' Compensation Claims Outcomes? A Pilot Study
Τετάρτη, 07.01.2015, 03:00am
Background: Obesity is associated with an increased risk for many chronic illnesses and disability.Objective: To assess the relationship between obesity and delayed return to work and workers' compensation claim costs for both minor and significant injuries.Method: There were 1107 workers who filed a workers' compensation claim with the Louisiana Workers' Compensation Corporation in 2011 that were followed up to the end of the first quarter of 2014.Result: Adjusting for sex, age, marital status, and attorney involvement, the odds ratio of an obese versus normal weight claimant returning to work after a severe injury was 3.58 (95% confidence interval, 1.26 to 10.14) and claim expenses $100,000 or more, 3.19 (95% confidence interval, 1.18 to 8.62).Conclusions: Obesity was associated with increased time lost from work and costs among workers' compensation claimants sustaining severe, but not minor injuries.
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