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Ο καρκίνος «θερίζει» τους διασώστες των Δίδυμων Πύργων
Δευτέρα, 07.28.2014, 11:44pm

 

 

Longitudinal Relationship Between Sitting Time on a Working Day and Vitality, Work Performance, Presenteeism, and Sickness Absence
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the longitudinal relationship between sitting time on a working day and vitality, work performance, presenteeism, and sickness absence.Methods: At the start and end of a five-month intervention program at the workplace, as well as 10 months after the intervention, sitting time and work-related outcomes were measured using a standardized self-administered questionnaire and company records. Generalized linear mixed models were used to estimate the longitudinal relationship between sitting time and work-related outcomes, and possible interaction effects over time.Results: A significant and sustainable decrease in sitting time on a working day was observed. Sitting less was significantly related to higher vitality scores, but this effect was marginal (b = −0.0006, P = 0.000).Conclusions: Our finding of significant though marginal associations between sitting time and important work-related outcomes justifies further research.
A Men's Workplace Health Intervention: Results of the POWERPLAY Program Pilot Study
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: To explore physical activity and eating behaviors among men following the implementation of a gender-sensitive, workplace health promotion program.Methods: Using a pre-post within-subjects design, computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) was used to collect health-related information along with physical activity and fruit/vegetable intake at baseline and after 6 months.Results: At baseline, participants (N = 139) consumed 3.58 servings of fruit and vegetables/day and engaged in an average of 229.77 min/week moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). At 6 months, daily fruit/vegetable intake did not increase, whereas MVPA increased by 112.3 min/week.Conclusions: The POWERPLAY program successfully increased weekly MVPA. Engaging men in health promotion can be a challenge; here, the workplace served as a valuable environment for achieving positive change.
Characteristics of Cardiac Arrest Occurring in the Workplace: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Paris Area Fire Brigade Registry
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in different workplaces, their management, and the survival rate.Methods: A post hoc analysis included all the OHCA cases that occurred at the workplace and were listed in the Fire Brigade of Paris database registry (2010 to 2014). Utstein-style variables, survival, and types of workplace were analyzed.Results: The study included 298 OHCA cases, mostly young (44% between 18 and 50 years), male (86%), and nontraumatic (86%). Differences in the survival chain were found to be related to the types of work location: bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed in 0% to 55% of cases, and workplace-automated external defibrillators were used in 0% to 20% of cases. Long-term survival without major incapacity was 0% to 23%.Conclusions: The characteristics of OHCA differ as a function of the type of workplace.
Impact of Work Organizational Factors on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Epicondylitis
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify relationships between work organizational variables (job rotation, overtime work, having a second job, and work pacing) (These work organizational variables and their relationships with biomechanical and psychosocial exposures were studied previously and published in a separate paper.) and health outcome measures [carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), lateral and medial epicondylitis (LEPI/MEPI)].Methods: Using a pooled baseline cohort of 1834 subjects, the relationships were studied using logistic regression models.Results: Varied degrees of associations between the work organizational and outcomes variables were found. Job rotation was significantly associated with being a CTS case [odds ratio (OR) = 1.23, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.00 to 1.50]. Overtime work was significantly associated with lower LEPI prevalence (OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.28 to 0.84). No statistically significant associations were found between having a second job and different work pacing and any of the three health outcome measures.Conclusions: Work organizational variables were only partially associated with the studied health outcomes.
New Onset of Chronic Diseases and Changes in Lifestyle Risk Factors Among Gulf War Veterans: A Longitudinal Comparison of High and Low Symptom Reporters
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare new chronic diseases onset and longitudinal changes in lifestyle risk factors between Gulf War veterans with different symptom reporting.Methods: Data were collected from Gulf War veterans over two periods, and participants were grouped according to baseline symptom reporting. Logistic, nominal, and ordinal regressions were used for between-group comparisons.Results: The veterans comprised low, moderate, and high symptom reporters. New onset of sleep apnea [odds ratio (OR) = 9.49; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.48 to 25.86], musculoskeletal (OR = 8.70; 95% CI = 4.17 to 18.17), psychological (OR = 5.36; 95% CI = 2.46 to 11.70), and cardiovascular (OR = 3.86; 95% CI = 1.33 to 11.23) conditions was elevated in high versus low symptom reporters. Although odds of obesity and alcohol use increased over time and smoking halved, the changes were similar across groups.Conclusions: These findings show increasing obesity and alcohol use, and indicate that high symptomatology among veterans may predict future disease onset.
Genetic Basis of Irritant Susceptibility in Health Care Workers
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within genes involved in inflammation, skin barrier integrity, signaling/pattern recognition, and antioxidant defense with irritant susceptibility in a group of health care workers.Methods: The 536 volunteer subjects were genotyped for selected SNPs and patch tested with three model irritants: sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and benzalkonium chloride (BKC). Genotyping was performed on genomic DNA using Illumina Goldengate custom panels.Results: The ACACB (rs2268387, rs16934132, rs2284685), NTRK2 (rs10868231), NTRK3 (rs1347424), IL22 (rs1179251), PLAU (rs2227564), EGFR (rs6593202), and FGF2 (rs308439) SNPs showed an association with skin response to tested irritants in different genetic models (all at P 
Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Use Among Occupational Medicine Practitioners at the American Occupational Health Conference
Δευτέρα, 08.01.2016, 03:00am
No abstract available
Multisymptom Illness in Gulf War Veterans: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Παρασκευή, 07.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of multisymptom illness (MSI) in 1990 to 1991 Gulf/Afghanistan/Iraq War veterans.Methods: Electronic databases were searched from January 1990, June 2014 for studies on MSI prevalence in Gulf/Afghanistan/Iraq War veterans, based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention MSI case definition, and which included a military comparison group.Results: Seven studies were identified among US, UK, and Australian Gulf War veterans; no studies were identified in Afghanistan/Iraq War veterans. MSI prevalence in Gulf War veterans and comparison groups ranged from 26 to 65% and from 12 to 37%, respectively. More recent studies were larger, with improved designs. The pooled odds ratio comparing Gulf War veterans to other military groups was 2.74 (95% confidence interval 2.15 to 3.51).Conclusion: The systematic review showed that MSI was most prevalent in Gulf War veterans, emphasizing the health burden of MSI in this veteran population.
How Do I Diagnose and Treat Workers With Injuries From Hydrofluoric Acid?
Παρασκευή, 07.01.2016, 03:00am
No abstract available
Impact of Employee Assistance Services on Depression, Anxiety, and Risky Alcohol Use: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Παρασκευή, 07.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: To test the impact of Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) on reducing employee depression, anxiety, and risky alcohol use, and whether improvements in clinical symptoms lead to improved work outcomes.Methods: The study used a prospective, quasi-experimental design with propensity score matching. Participants (n = 344) came from 20 areas of state government. EAP (n = 156) and non-EAP (n = 188) employees were matched on baseline demographic, psychosocial, and work-related characteristics that differentiate EAP from non-EAP users. Follow-up surveys were collected 2 to 12 months later (M = 6.0).Results: EAP significantly reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety, but not at-risk alcohol use. EAP reductions in depression and anxiety mediated EAP-based reductions in absenteeism and presenteeism.Conclusions: EAPs provide easy-to-access work-based services that are effective at improving employee mental health.
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