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Preventing Sickness Absence With Career Management Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Field Trial
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
This study examined whether a group intervention focusing on building up preparedness for career management can prevent future sickness absence.Register-based data on the number of sickness absence days and sickness absence episodes were examined as outcomes of the intervention among 684 employees in 17 organizations in a randomized controlled trial. Sickness absence data were collected covering a period from 1 year before (baseline) to approximately 2 years after the intervention (follow-up). The data were analyzed using zero-inflated negative binomial models.After controlling for baseline absence, age, gender, and organization, the intervention was effective in decreasing the number of longer sickness absences (lasting longer than > 2 weeks), but no other significant effects were found.These findings point out that it is feasible to use a career management intervention to prevent future sickness absence in work organizations.
Lifetime Prevalence of Respiratory Diseases and Exposures Among Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans: Results From the National Health Study for a New Generation of U.S. Veterans
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory exposures and the association between respiratory exposures and respiratory disease among veterans deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) compared with nondeployed veterans of this era.Methods: Data come from a national health survey of 20,563 deployed and nondeployed OEF/OIF era veterans. Prevalence estimates and adjusted odds ratios were calculated. Results were weighted to represent the population.Results: Prevalence of at least one respiratory exposure was high among both deployed and nondeployed groups (95% and 70%, respectively). In both groups, those with any respiratory exposure were at an increased risk for reporting a respiratory disease.Conclusion: Respiratory exposures are highly prevalent and are associated with increased odds of respiratory diseases among the OEF/OIF era population.
Results From the Bipartisan Policy Center's CEO Council Physical Activity Challenge to American Business
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe findings from a survey of employees at 10 businesses participating in the “Building Better Health: Physical Activity Challenge,” an effort led by the Bipartisan Policy Center's CEO Council on Health and Innovation.Methods: Employers provided employees with pedometers as part of an 8-week Physical Activity Challenge (Challenge). Employees were then asked to complete a survey about their awareness of, participation in, and satisfaction with the Challenge.Results: One hundred three thousand three hundred eighty-three employees participated in the Challenge, averaging 6886 steps per day per participant. Of the 3820 respondents to an employee survey sent to all workers, 62% reported enrolling in the program, and of those, the majority reported positive impacts on health (76%), fitness (73%), and lifestyle (70%).Conclusion: A brief, workplace-based physical activity challenge can achieve positive self-reported health impacts when supported by senior management of the company.
Health Promotion in the Workplace, Fourth Edition
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
No abstract available
Risks Associated With Lentiviral Vector Exposures and Prevention Strategies
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
Lentiviral vectors (LVVs) are powerful genetic tools that are being used with greater frequency in biomedical laboratories and clinical trials. Adverse events reported from initial clinical studies provide a basis for risk assessment of occupational exposures, yet many questions remain about the potential harm that LVVs may cause. We review those risks and provide a framework for principal investigators, Institutional Biosafety Committees, and occupational health professionals to assess and communicate the risks of exposure to staff. We also provide recommendations to federal research and regulatory agencies for tracking LVV exposures to evaluate long-term outcomes. U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved antiviral drugs for HIV have theoretical benefits in LVV exposures, although evidence to support their use is currently limited. If treatment is appropriate, we recommend a 7-day treatment with an integrase inhibitor with or without a reverse transcriptase inhibitor within 72 hours of exposure.
Postoffer Pre-Placement Screening for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Newly Hired Manufacturing Workers
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: We determined the predictive validity of a postoffer pre-placement (POPP) screen using nerve conduction velocity studies (NCV) to identify future cases of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).Methods: A cohort of 1648 newly hired manufacturing production workers underwent baseline NCS, and were followed for 5 years.Results: There was no association between abnormal POPP NCV results and incident CTS. Varying NCV diagnostic cut-offs did not improve predictive validity. Workers in jobs with high hand/wrist exposure showed greater risk of CTS than those in low exposed jobs (relative risk 2.82; 95% confidence interval 1.52 to 5.22).Conclusions: POPP screening seems ineffective as a preventive strategy for CTS.
Defining Documentation Requirements for Coding Quality Care in Workers’ Compensation
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
No abstract available
Workplace Lead Exposure
Πέπμτη, 12.01.2016, 03:00am
No abstract available
App Review; IDdx: Infectious Disease Queries: Erratum
Τρίτη, 11.01.2016, 03:00am
No abstract available
Impact of Development and Accommodation Practices on Older Workers’ Job Characteristics, Prolonged Fatigue, Work Engagement, and Retirement Intentions Over Time
Τρίτη, 11.01.2016, 03:00am
Objective: The impact of development and accommodation practices on older workers’ retirement intentions was investigated in this prospective study, together with potential pathways and the role of career stage.Methods: A subsample of full-time, older workers (n = 678) from the Maastricht Cohort Study was followed-up for 2 years. Regression analysis was conducted for three age groups.Results: Development practices related positively with later retirement intentions in workers aged 55 to 59 years. The accommodation practice of demotion related negatively with later retirement intentions in worker aged at least 60 years. Decision latitude and work engagement were found to link development and accommodation practices with later retirement intentions in particular in workers aged 55 to 59 years.Conclusions: It was indicated in this prospective study that development and accommodation practices may be useful for prolonging working careers.
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